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liquid propane vs natural gas benefits explained by local HVAC service

Propane and natural gas: comparison between cooking fuels

Gas cooking is a fundamental part of the restoration. Whether you use large or small kitchen equipment, gas cooking provides more heat than electricity. In many areas, gas is also cheaper than electricity, so choosing gas could help reduce your restaurant's overhead. When it comes to choosing which gas to use, it's important to know the differences between the two options: natural gas and propane.

With this guide to the price, cooking, and equipment differences between propane and natural gas, you can decide which gas is best for your kitchen.

What is natural gas?

Natural gas is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground. This gas is mainly composed of methane and can contain small amounts of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, helium and others.

Although natural gas is classified as a non-renewable resource, it is considered a cleaner alternative to other fossil fuels.

The combustion of natural gas produces fewer harmful emissions than other fossil fuels when burned. Additionally, almost every urban area in the United States has natural gas piping to make this resource easily accessible.

propane tank

What is propane?

Propane is extracted from crude oil and petroleum gas during their refinement processes. The result is a highly efficient concentrated fuel that can be stored under pressure in small cylinders or bulk tanks.

These reservoirs can be refilled at places like grocery stores or convenience stores at minimal cost. High-volume operations may also arrange delivery systems with wholesale suppliers.

Typically, propane is used in areas outside of major metropolitan centers. Indeed, the portability of propane makes it the ideal, and sometimes unique, choice for remote areas.

How much does propane cost compared to

Natural gas?

Natural gas is often less expensive than propane because it goes through fewer refining procedures, simplifying the process of transferring the land to your business. Although prices fluctuate depending on demand and location, most areas can find natural gas at a cheaper price than propane.

How to Compare Propane and Natural Gas Prices

By comparing the prices of these two fuels, you can convert each fuel to the same unit of measurement. Propane is usually measured in liquid gallons, while natural gas is measured in cubic feet.

To make a direct comparison, both fuel sources must be in the same unit of volume.

You can also compare the value of each energy source by finding their BTU rating, or British Thermal Unit. BTUs measure the amount of energy content of each fuel. If you know the price and BTU rating of 1 cubic foot of natural gas and 1 cubic foot of propane, you can see the price difference relative to the amount of energy you purchase.

Natural Gas Cooker

Are there cooking differences between propane and natural gas?

Because propane has a higher BTU rating than natural gas, propane tends to heat up faster and use less fuel than the same job done with natural gas. However, the most observable cooking differences between propane and natural gas depend on the equipment you are using. Your equipment's BTU rating limits heat while cooking, so be sure to know your appliance's specs if you're looking for a specific BTU rating for food preparation.

What is the difference between propane and natural gas equipment?


To ensure that your fuel burns safely to produce the heat you need, it is imperative to select equipment designed to run on the fuel of your choice.

If you need to switch fuels after purchasing equipment, you can save on the cost of replacing your appliances by purchasing a conversion kit from the manufacturer of each appliance instead.

Converting Your Equipment

It is essential that you never install your natural gas or propane plumbing system without a professional. It may cost more, but hiring a qualified plumber can mean the difference between an efficient source of cooking fuel and a huge liability.

Converting an appliance from one fuel to another usually involves modifications to accommodate the pressure difference between how the two gases are stored. For example, if you are converting a natural gas stove to a propane stove, the dimensions of the converted jets may differ from the original jets.

For this reason, some manufacturers report a loss of BTU output when equipment designed for natural gas is converted to propane. Restoration. Now that you know the cooking differences of these fuels, how to compare their prices, and how to make sure your equipment is prepared for the correct fuel, you can decide which gas is best for your professional kitchen.

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